The Contribution Of Psychology In Plastic Surgery
On a psychological level, the most common experiences are: a sense of disbelief, anger, bewilderment, shame, lack of esteem, a sense of helplessness as a source of illness, fear, anxiety, death anxiety, uncertainty for the present and for the future.
The breast is a fundamental part of the body of being a woman, this can be easily understood by analyzing the different meanings it assumes in the course of her life: it is a symbol of motherhood; it is a symbol of femininity; it is a symbol of sexuality, sensuality and seduction (it determines a sexual identity that can influence the relationship with the partner).
It is therefore possible to understand the sense of alteration of body integrity resulting from surgical treatments such as mastectomy, not to mention how painful on an emotional and physical level are also the oncological treatments (chemotherapy, hormone therapy, drug therapy, radiotherapy).
Here, too, the multidisciplinary approach (oncologist, breast specialist, plastic surgeon) allows us to frame the problem, establish a strategy that aims, as far as possible, to restore integrity or even not to lose it. In fact, reconstructive plastic surgery can help the woman to recover what the disease has taken away from her and consequently to regain a positive self-image.
As evident, no less important is that the patient receives the right psychological and emotional support from the diagnosis and throughout the therapeutic process, so that she is accompanied in the acceptance of the disease itself, in the adaptation to a treatment path that is not always linear and helped. to process the changes and the emotions that come with them.
Even when it comes to reconstructive surgery following a trauma or an accident, it is recommended to give space to the psychic reality of the person as everyday life can change completely and the path to return to a full life can be very difficult.
The plastic surgeon can be of great help to the patient, always in the context of multidisciplinarity, helping to “rebuild” the part of the body that has been damaged, while the psychologist can give support and space to the inner experience, helping him to accept and overcome what happened.
With parallel work it is possible to restore a normal life to the person, as close as possible to the reality they lived before the trauma.